Judaism and Christianity are Abrahamic religions with same origins but varying practices, teachings, and beliefs. Hebrew Bible called, “Tanakh” contains Judaism ethics and principles whereas “The Holy Bible” contains Christianity principles. Teachings and beliefs from Judaism and Christianity vary in marriage and role played by women in the society. The concept of marriage originates from creation story narrated in Genesis for both sacred texts. During creation, God created Adam to look after the Garden of Eden. Later on, he created a woman called Eva from Adam’s flesh to act as a helper. Adam was pleased with Eva and united together in marriage as the first family. Marriage in both religions emerges from different perspectives such as divorce and remarriage, celibacy, the role of women in matrimony, polygamy or monogamy and intermarriage.
Monogamy or Polygamy: The fact that Adam had only one wife, the majority of Jewish rabbis asserted that monogamy is perfect for Jews in the present day even thou polygamy is allowed as well. Regarding Hebrew prophets, monogamy is perfect since it symbolizes Gods love to Israel. Monogamy being the predominance in the Jewish religion, polygamy was rehearsed as well whereby King Solomon had 700 wives while King David had two. Polygamy cases pass negative illustrations to most Jews. Christianity on the other part has the same comprehension of the Eden story referring to monogamy (Banki & Judith, 2001). Jesus and Paul reinforced monogamy in numerous spots of Christianity. Polygamy as a sort of heathen worships in many worship places. The motivation for practicing polygamy is that Jesus advised his supporters to increase and fill the Earth. Having more than one wife would lead to the bearing of many children.
Women role in marriage: In Jewish marriage, a woman is viewed not just as an assistant who is given to her spouse by God to satisfy her spouse's needs but a perfect partner on the spiritual level. Judaism law instructs husbands to love their wives. A spouse is also urged to examine the trivial matter that may bring up in his life. A woman in Jewish family has several rights. For example, sex is viewed as a privilege of a lady, not man. Under Jewish law, a spouse cannot separate his wife without the assent of the woman. Christianity depicts women as important people in the society and requires much respect. Ladies ought to live under men initiative and care for the notion that Eva emerged from Adam’s rib. Just like Judaism, New Testament requested that spouses adore their wives as cherishing themselves in ordinarily, suggesting the fairness between two sexual orientations.
Divorce: Divorce is a major problem for both Christianity and Judaism. Divorce commonly occurs when a couple stays childless, spouse declines to have intercourse with his wife or woman beaten by the husband. Judaism accepts divorce met in a rabbinical law ensuring that the separation is an assertion between the two gatherings. Money related and posterity matters would be talked about in the court too. Typically the powerlessness of lady would be considered. Christianity views divorce as a kind of infidelity. In “The Holy Bible”, Jesus educates Christians about divorce. Moreover, any individual who weds a separated lady submits infidelity. The Catholic Church restricts separation.
Sex in marriage: In Judaism, sex is for self-delight. Sex fortifies the adoring relationship between a spouse and a wife. Marriage before sex guarantees the feeling of duty and obligation. Jewish marriage views sex as a privilege of a woman, not the husband. Christianity does not take sex as critical as Judaism does. Paul of Tarsus thought sex was pointless and would not hinder any Christian from entering the kingdom. Christian families engage in sexual relations with the aim of giving posterity. Jesus restricts infidelity in the New Testament. As a rule, Christian Churches hold a preservationist state of mind towards sex and sex is not examined freely in the holy places.
Celibacy: In Judaism, marriage and bringing up kids are comprehended as firmly religious commitments. Prophet Jeremiah did not wed in Bible, and that is on account that he lived in recommended times of sexual restraint in connection with ceremonies, penances and the arraignment of religious wars. Contrasted with Judaism, Christianity however profoundly favors the need for marriage. Christians trust that individuals will not wed one another in the coming kingdom. Since infidelity is restricted and marriage viewed as a compelling approach to forestall infidelity, marriage was still prescribed to some degree to the New Testament (Banki & Judith, 2001). The state of mind toward Celibacy fluctuate among diverse church bunches.
Marriage is critical to both of the religions. In spite of the fact that monogamy has been stunning marriage custom in the two religions, polygamy has been the privileged minority even today. Contrasted with Christianity, Judaism has more opened demeanor toward sex inside of marriage. Ladies had a higher status in Judaism marriage than Christianity marriage verifiable, yet these days fairness between two gatherings is acknowledged. Divorce is a catastrophe for the two religions. While separate and remarry is passable truly in Judaism, it is prohibited in numerous Christian places.